Jason’s Fitness 3724 Cottage Hill Rd. Mobile, Alabama  (251) 661-4615         Jason’s Fitness 120 W. Berry Ave. Foley, Al  36535  (251) 943-5591
So   you   finally   made   it   to   the   gym.      The   only   problem   is   you   are   scared   to   death   to   open   your   mouth   lest   you   sound   like   a tourist   in   a   foreign   country.      I   have   put   together   a   list   of   words   and   terms   along   with   their   meaning   in   an   effort   to   help   the gym   novice   better   fit   in   with   their   more   experienced   counterparts.      A   gym   glossary   for   a   stranger   in   a   strange   land.      Welcome to Muscleville! Abs/6-Pack:  abbreviated jargon for abdominals or rectus abdominis (muscles in your midsection). Aerobic   Exercise:    Constant   moderate   intensity   work   that   uses   up   oxygen   at   a   rate   in   which   the   cardio   respiratory   system   can replenish oxygen in the working muscles. Examples of such activity are exercises like stationary bike riding or walking. Barbell: a straight or curved bar, usually around five to seven feet in length with ends at both sides where plates can be placed. Biceps,   Bi's,   Guns,   Pythons,   Pipes:    biceps   brachii,   muscle   in   your   arm,   which   supinates   the   forearm   and   helps   raise   the   upper   arm at the shoulder.  The muscles you show when someone ays show me your muscles or when you step out of the shower…we all do it. Bulk Up:  to gain bodyweight adding both lean body mass and fat. Burn:    a   sensation   of   mild   discomfort   in   a   muscle   when   exercising   to   failure   or   near   failure.   It   comes   from   the   increased   lactic   acid and pH buildup. “Feel the burn!” Calf:  the muscle on the back of the lower leg responsible for extending the ankle. Cut Up:  to reduce body fat while retaining maximum muscularity. Delts or Deltoids:  the shoulder muscles, which are divided into three heads: anterior, medial, and posterior (or rear). Dumbbell:    A   short-handled   barbell   10-12   inches   long   that   can   be   carried   in   one   hand.   Dumbbells   allow   for   flexibility   in   the   execution of a movement and for full range of motion. Forced Reps:  reps performed with the assistance from a spotter after a lifter reaches the point of failure with a given weight. Freak:  bodybuilder with inhuman size or out of proportion muscles. Free Weights:  barbells and dumbbells referred to as free weights because they are free to move in any direction the lifter chooses. Full:  adjective to describe the appearance of muscle pressing against skin when the muscle has good quality and is healthy. Giant Sets: 4 exercises done one after the other with no rest in between sets. Gluteus Maximus/Glutes: the largest of the muscles forming each of the human buttocks that extend the hips. Hamstrings/Hams:    rear   thighs   technically   known   as   biceps   femoris.      (Whatever   you   do   don’t   refer   to   yours   hamstrings   as   biceps femoris in the gym!) Isolation Exercises/Isolation Movement: exercises, which involve only one muscle and one joint. Latissimus Dorsi/Lats:  lateral muscles of the back. Olympic   Plate/Plates:    Olympic   plates   have   2"   holes--actually   2-1/8"   typically,   to   give   them   room   to   slip   onto   a   2"   diameter   bar. There's   some   variation   in   size   of   the   holes   in   the   plates   and   in   the   diameter   of   the   bar,   depending   on   whether   the   manufacturer   is thinking in ISO/standard units (2" diameter bar) or metric (5cm, a little smaller). Pectorals/Pecs:  name for your chest muscles. Especially, for gym jargon, the pectoralis major and the pectoralis minor. Pump:  the look and feeling a lifter experiences when his/her muscles engorge and swell with blood as the result of intense exercise. Pumping Iron:  slang for lifting weights, a phrase used since at least the 1950s. Quadriceps/Quads:    the   large   muscle   of   the   front   of   the   thigh,   composed   of   four   heads:   the   vastus   lateralis,   vastus   intermedius, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris. Repetitions/Reps:  the number of times in a set that a lifter lifts a particular weight. Ripped/Sliced/Shredded:   adjectives   to   describe   a   bodybuilder   whose   muscles   are   more   defined   in   that   some   cross-striations   are visible. Occurs when the bodybuilder has low body fat levels and excellent muscle separation. Routine/Program/Workout:    the   routine   is   the   sum   of   reps,   sets   and   exercises   in   any   given   workout,   including   the   type   of equipment you use. It changes over from one exercise session to the next, or over a period of weeks or months. Set:    A   unit   of   exercise   measurement   consisting   of   a   movement   that   is   repeated   a   desired   number   of   times.   A   grouping   of   reps   with   a rest period in between each grouping creates a set. Split:   a workout program or routine that allows for different body parts to be trained on separate days allowing for greater intensity. Spot: v. stand ready to assist an athlete performing a set with heavy weights during an exercise. Stripping/Descending   Sets:   having   one   or   more   spotters   remove   plates   from   the   bar   or   during   a   set   so   that   the   lifter   can   continue with a lighter weight after having reached failure. Superset:    two   exercises   performed   back   to   back   without   rest   in   order   to   increase   intensity   by   performing   more   work   in   less   time.     This technique can be used for opposing muscle groups or the same muscle group. Triceps/Tris:  three-headed muscle forming the bulk of the back of the arm. Its function is to extend the elbow. Tri-Set: three exercises for the same muscle group without a pause. V-Taper:  a bodybuilder or lifter with big shoulders and a small waist. Vascularity:    a   condition   in   which   the   blood   vessels   in   the   body   are   prominent.   It   is   related   to   low   body   fat   levels,   maximum   muscle, and a result of exercise.
Jason’s Fitness 3724 Cottage Hill Rd. Mobile, Alabama  (251) 661-4615         Jason’s Fitness 120 W. Berry Ave. Foley, Al  36535  (251) 943-5591
So   you   finally   made   it   to   the   gym.      The   only   problem   is   you   are   scared   to   death   to open   your   mouth   lest   you   sound   like   a   tourist   in   a   foreign   country.      I   have   put together   a   list   of   words   and   terms   along   with   their   meaning   in   an   effort   to   help   the gym    novice    better    fit    in    with    their    more    experienced    counterparts.        A    gym glossary for a stranger in a strange land.  Welcome to Muscleville! Abs/6-Pack:    abbreviated   jargon   for   abdominals   or   rectus   abdominis   (muscles   in   your midsection). Aerobic   Exercise:    Constant   moderate   intensity   work   that   uses   up   oxygen   at   a   rate   in which   the   cardio   respiratory   system   can   replenish   oxygen   in   the   working   muscles. Examples of such activity are exercises like stationary bike riding or walking. Barbell:   a   straight   or   curved   bar,   usually   around   five   to   seven   feet   in   length   with   ends at both sides where plates can be placed. Biceps,    Bi's,    Guns,    Pythons,    Pipes:    biceps   brachii,   muscle   in   your   arm,   which supinates   the   forearm   and   helps   raise   the   upper   arm   at   the   shoulder.      The   muscles   you show    when    someone    ays    show    me    your    muscles    or    when    you    step    out    of    the shower…we all do it. Bulk Up:  to gain bodyweight adding both lean body mass and fat. Burn:    a   sensation   of   mild   discomfort   in   a   muscle   when   exercising   to   failure   or   near failure. It comes from the increased lactic acid and pH buildup. “Feel the burn!” Calf:  the muscle on the back of the lower leg responsible for extending the ankle. Cut Up:  to reduce body fat while retaining maximum muscularity. Delts   or   Deltoids:    the   shoulder   muscles,   which   are   divided   into   three   heads:   anterior, medial, and posterior (or rear). Dumbbell:    A   short-handled   barbell   10-12   inches   long   that   can   be   carried   in   one   hand. Dumbbells   allow   for   flexibility   in   the   execution   of   a   movement   and   for   full   range   of motion. Forced   Reps:    reps   performed   with   the   assistance   from   a   spotter   after   a   lifter   reaches the point of failure with a given weight. Freak:  bodybuilder with inhuman size or out of proportion muscles. Free   Weights:    barbells   and   dumbbells   referred   to   as   free   weights   because   they   are free to move in any direction the lifter chooses. Full:    adjective   to   describe   the   appearance   of   muscle   pressing   against   skin   when   the muscle has good quality and is healthy. Giant Sets: 4 exercises done one after the other with no rest in between sets. Gluteus   Maximus/Glutes:   the   largest   of   the   muscles   forming   each   of   the   human buttocks that extend the hips. Hamstrings/Hams:    rear   thighs   technically   known   as   biceps   femoris.      (Whatever   you do don’t refer to yours hamstrings as biceps femoris in the gym!) Isolation   Exercises/Isolation   Movement:   exercises,   which   involve   only   one   muscle and one joint. Latissimus Dorsi/Lats:  lateral muscles of the back. Olympic   Plate/Plates:    Olympic   plates   have   2"   holes--actually   2-1/8"   typically,   to   give them   room   to   slip   onto   a   2"   diameter   bar.   There's   some   variation   in   size   of   the   holes   in the   plates   and   in   the   diameter   of   the   bar,   depending   on   whether   the   manufacturer   is thinking in ISO/standard units (2" diameter bar) or metric (5cm, a little smaller). Pectorals/Pecs:     name    for    your    chest    muscles.    Especially,    for    gym    jargon,    the pectoralis major and the pectoralis minor. Pump:    the   look   and   feeling   a   lifter   experiences   when   his/her   muscles   engorge   and swell with blood as the result of intense exercise. Pumping Iron:  slang for lifting weights, a phrase used since at least the 1950s. Quadriceps/Quads:    the   large   muscle   of   the   front   of   the   thigh,   composed   of   four heads: the vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris. Repetitions/Reps:  the number of times in a set that a lifter lifts a particular weight. Ripped/Sliced/Shredded:   adjectives   to   describe   a   bodybuilder   whose   muscles   are more   defined   in   that   some   cross-striations   are   visible.   Occurs   when   the   bodybuilder   has low body fat levels and excellent muscle separation. Routine/Program/Workout:    the   routine   is   the   sum   of   reps,   sets   and   exercises   in any   given   workout,   including   the   type   of   equipment   you   use.   It   changes   over   from   one exercise session to the next, or over a period of weeks or months. Set:    A   unit   of   exercise   measurement   consisting   of   a   movement   that   is   repeated   a desired   number   of   times.   A   grouping   of   reps   with   a   rest   period   in   between   each grouping creates a set. Split:       a   workout   program   or   routine   that   allows   for   different   body   parts   to   be   trained on separate days allowing for greater intensity. Spot:   v.   stand   ready   to   assist   an   athlete   performing   a   set   with   heavy   weights   during   an exercise. Stripping/Descending   Sets:   having   one   or   more   spotters   remove   plates   from   the bar   or   during   a   set   so   that   the   lifter   can   continue   with   a   lighter   weight   after   having reached failure. Superset:    two   exercises   performed   back   to   back   without   rest   in   order   to   increase intensity   by   performing   more   work   in   less   time.      This   technique   can   be   used   for opposing muscle groups or the same muscle group. Triceps/Tris:    three-headed   muscle   forming   the   bulk   of   the   back   of   the   arm.   Its function is to extend the elbow. Tri-Set: three exercises for the same muscle group without a pause. V-Taper:  a bodybuilder or lifter with big shoulders and a small waist. Vascularity:    a   condition   in   which   the   blood   vessels   in   the   body   are   prominent.   It   is related to low body fat levels, maximum muscle, and a result of exercise.
Jason’s Fitness 3724 Cottage Hill Rd. Mobile, Alabama  (251) 661-4615         Jason’s Fitness 120 W. Berry Ave. Foley, Al  36535  (251) 943-5591
So   you   finally   made   it   to   the   gym.      The   only   problem   is   you   are scared   to   death   to   open   your   mouth   lest   you   sound   like   a   tourist   in a   foreign   country.      I   have   put   together   a   list   of   words   and   terms along   with   their   meaning   in   an   effort   to   help   the   gym   novice   better fit   in   with   their   more   experienced   counterparts.      A   gym   glossary   for a stranger in a strange land.  Welcome to Muscleville! Abs/6-Pack:     abbreviated    jargon    for    abdominals    or    rectus    abdominis (muscles in your midsection). Aerobic   Exercise:    Constant   moderate   intensity   work   that   uses   up   oxygen at   a   rate   in   which   the   cardio   respiratory   system   can   replenish   oxygen   in   the working   muscles.   Examples   of   such   activity   are   exercises   like   stationary   bike riding or walking. Barbell:   a   straight   or   curved   bar,   usually   around   five   to   seven   feet   in length with ends at both sides where plates can be placed. Biceps,   Bi's,   Guns,   Pythons,   Pipes:    biceps   brachii,   muscle   in   your   arm, which   supinates   the   forearm   and   helps   raise   the   upper   arm   at   the   shoulder.     The   muscles   you   show   when   someone   ays   show   me   your   muscles   or   when you step out of the shower…we all do it. Bulk Up:  to gain bodyweight adding both lean body mass and fat. Burn:    a   sensation   of   mild   discomfort   in   a   muscle   when   exercising   to   failure or   near   failure.   It   comes   from   the   increased   lactic   acid   and   pH   buildup. “Feel the burn!” Calf:    the   muscle   on   the   back   of   the   lower   leg   responsible   for   extending   the ankle. Cut Up:  to reduce body fat while retaining maximum muscularity. Delts   or   Deltoids:    the   shoulder   muscles,   which   are   divided   into   three heads: anterior, medial, and posterior (or rear). Dumbbell:    A   short-handled   barbell   10-12   inches   long   that   can   be   carried   in one   hand.   Dumbbells   allow   for   flexibility   in   the   execution   of   a   movement and for full range of motion. Forced   Reps:    reps   performed   with   the   assistance   from   a   spotter   after   a lifter reaches the point of failure with a given weight. Freak:  bodybuilder with inhuman size or out of proportion muscles. Free   Weights:    barbells   and   dumbbells   referred   to   as   free   weights   because they are free to move in any direction the lifter chooses. Full:    adjective   to   describe   the   appearance   of   muscle   pressing   against   skin when the muscle has good quality and is healthy. Giant   Sets:   4   exercises   done   one   after   the   other   with   no   rest   in   between sets. Gluteus   Maximus/Glutes:   the   largest   of   the   muscles   forming   each   of   the human buttocks that extend the hips. Hamstrings/Hams:     rear    thighs    technically    known    as    biceps    femoris.      (Whatever   you   do   don’t   refer   to   yours   hamstrings   as   biceps   femoris   in   the gym!) Isolation   Exercises/Isolation   Movement:   exercises,   which   involve   only one muscle and one joint. Latissimus Dorsi/Lats:  lateral muscles of the back. Olympic    Plate/Plates:     Olympic    plates    have    2"    holes--actually    2-1/8" typically,   to   give   them   room   to   slip   onto   a   2"   diameter   bar.   There's   some variation   in   size   of   the   holes   in   the   plates   and   in   the   diameter   of   the   bar, depending   on   whether   the   manufacturer   is   thinking   in   ISO/standard   units (2" diameter bar) or metric (5cm, a little smaller). Pectorals/Pecs:    name   for   your   chest   muscles.   Especially,   for   gym   jargon, the pectoralis major and the pectoralis minor. Pump:    the   look   and   feeling   a   lifter   experiences   when   his/her   muscles engorge and swell with blood as the result of intense exercise. Pumping   Iron:    slang   for   lifting   weights,   a   phrase   used   since   at   least   the 1950s. Quadriceps/Quads:    the   large   muscle   of   the   front   of   the   thigh,   composed of   four   heads:   the   vastus   lateralis,   vastus   intermedius,   vastus   medialis,   and rectus femoris. Repetitions/Reps:     the    number    of    times    in    a    set    that    a    lifter    lifts    a particular weight. Ripped/Sliced/Shredded:   adjectives   to   describe   a   bodybuilder   whose muscles   are   more   defined   in   that   some   cross-striations   are   visible.   Occurs when    the    bodybuilder    has    low    body    fat    levels    and    excellent    muscle separation. Routine/Program/Workout:    the   routine   is   the   sum   of   reps,   sets   and exercises   in   any   given   workout,   including   the   type   of   equipment   you   use.   It changes   over   from   one   exercise   session   to   the   next,   or   over   a   period   of weeks or months. Set:    A   unit   of   exercise   measurement   consisting   of   a   movement   that   is repeated   a   desired   number   of   times.   A   grouping   of   reps   with   a   rest   period in between each grouping creates a set. Split:       a   workout   program   or   routine   that   allows   for   different   body   parts   to be trained on separate days allowing for greater intensity. Spot:   v.   stand   ready   to   assist   an   athlete   performing   a   set   with   heavy weights during an exercise. Stripping/Descending   Sets:   having   one   or   more   spotters   remove   plates from   the   bar   or   during   a   set   so   that   the   lifter   can   continue   with   a   lighter weight after having reached failure. Superset:    two   exercises   performed   back   to   back   without   rest   in   order   to increase   intensity   by   performing   more   work   in   less   time.      This   technique   can be used for opposing muscle groups or the same muscle group. Triceps/Tris:    three-headed   muscle   forming   the   bulk   of   the   back   of   the arm. Its function is to extend the elbow. Tri-Set: three exercises for the same muscle group without a pause. V-Taper:  a bodybuilder or lifter with big shoulders and a small waist. Vascularity:     a    condition    in    which    the    blood    vessels    in    the    body    are prominent.   It   is   related   to   low   body   fat   levels,   maximum   muscle,   and   a result of exercise.